In Bolivia, 109 municipalities have adopted a strategy that involves families directly and that aims at reducing child and maternal mortality, advocating for children’s rights and increasing community participation, especially by women. The city of El Alto has drafted a comprehensive plan (Plan de Emergencia de Lucha contra la Pobreza – Emergency Plan to Combat Poverty) in an area where only 34 per cent of the population have access to sewerage, electricity, garbage collection and telephone connections. The community-based plan focuses on the 400,000 inhabitants, out of a total of 600,000, who live in poverty, and has committed the city council to allocating US$ 39 million toward implementation.