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Participatory management and budget allocation for equity
This project was launched in 2001 in 18 municipalities with a long-term goal of achieving universal access to basic social services for all children. It also aims to ensure the effective participation, monitoring and control by civil society in priority-setting and the allocation of municipal resources. It is intended to strengthen governance, the decentralization process already underway and democracy. Participatory budget planning is an innovative management method: it breaks way from the traditional planning model and aims for a more equitable distribution of resources. The process has just started in Ecuador with technical and financial support from UNICEF, UNDP and UNIFEM and the active participation of the Ecuadorian Municipalities Association-AME, NGOs and Universities. Around 50 of the country’s 214 municipalities are interested in using the strategy in their budget planning and execution. In 2002, UNICEF will focus its support on capacity building at local level in cooperation with its partners to ensure the sustainability of the process.
Apartado Postal 17-21-1954
Telephone: (593-2) 2460.330
In Ecuador, the cities of Quito, Tena, Cuenca, Guayaquil and Riobamba have involved children in defining criteria for a child friendly city. With the initiative La Ciudad que Queremos (The City We Want), children and adolescents have participated in decisions about the cities where they live and have advocated for their own rights. Children’s brigades, supported by specially trained youth leaders, were created in 15 Quito communities, each with 30 children. The brigades developed activities that strengthened children’s capacity to analyze problems, make decisions and develop alternative solutions. Activities included, for example, the analysis of the waste collection systems in their communities. The municipality of Quito has tried also to enhance community participation more generally. With the objective of providing basic water and sanitation services in different marginal urban neighbourhoods, funding and materials were provided while the community contributed the labour.
Sistema de informacion local – SIL
he “Sistema de Informacion Local (SIL)” – System of Local Information – is a system of monitoring and being vigilant about the issues concerning children’s and adolescents’ rights, through the active participation and decision-making of municipalities, institutions and communities. It deals with problems in the following areas: demography, employment, migration, health, nutrition, breastfeeding, education, water and sanitation; this is of assistance in identifying unsatisfactory basic needs and living conditions of community populations, both rural and urban. The main objectives of the SIL are: a) to make visible the living conditions of children and adolescents at a local level; b) to generate civic participation processes for the fulfillment of children’s and adolescents’ rights; c) to strengthen local governments in order to develop and monitor social policies based on updated, qualitative information. The SIL is an inter-institutional group nominated and controlled by the town council and is composed of the following groups: institutions that produce statistical information, governmental and non-governmental organizations, representatives of civil society. Its main role is to ensure civic and institutional participation in the collection, analysis and dissemination of information.
Aparto Postal 17-21-1954
Telephone: (593-2) 2460.330