After the establishment of a Deputy Ministry of Child Protection within the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment, the Child Friendly Cities initiative was launched in Indonesia. In 2007, after a series of national and local workshops and seminars, the Indonesian government began to develop a CFC initiative in five cities. To build a better understanding of CFC in the country, the Indonesian central government extended the number of cities with pilot projects from five cities in 2007 to fifteen cities by the end of 2008. Many local governments of other cities were also interested to develop a CFC using their own budget. In addition, some local governments were putting efforts into conducting child protection development programs that to some extent had the potential to be developed into CFC.

As there has been a growing interest among cities, a CFC competition was established in 2009. One objective of the competition was to distinguish which city had a CFC program and which did not. It furthermore acknowledged progress attained with regards to child rights implementation. The central government established a committee to coordinate the competition that recruited 40 percent of committee members from the Government, 30 percent from NGOs and the final 30 percent among universities’ academics. It was decided that all cities and residences (smaller cities) in Indonesia would be invited to participate, which was also seen as a means to inform local governments about CFC in general. The competition form to be filled in by the participating city was based on the criteria of the general CFC program. Recognizing that the CFC initiatives in Indonesia are still at its beginning stages, the CFC team identified five indicator areas against which progress would be assessed. A distinction was made between cities and residences, giving both the opportunity to join. The indicator areas used for both types are:

  1. Policy;
  2. Organization;
  3. Programs and activities;
  4. Budget allocation, and
  5. Reports

A jury used both quantitative as qualitative indicators in the five areas to select the best 10 cities/residences from the assessment. CFC Certificates were handed out by the President of Indonesia. The certification mechanism will continue to operate and in the next period the team plans to provide a price for the winner, which will be designed to benefit the children of the city (such as a mini bus to support children’s activities in the city). The title of Child Friendly City lasts for two years, after which indicators are evaluated again.

For more information:

Contact: Dr. Karen Malone (University of Wollongong)